The global economy currently is in transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge economy: to an economy in which knowledge is both an input of increasing significance into the productive process and a product. In a knowledge economy, labor costs become progressively less important, and scarcity of resources and economies of scale cease to apply.
One definition of the knowledge economy is that “the generation and exploitation of knowledge play the predominant part in the creation of wealth” (United Kingdom Department of Trade and Industry). Features of the knowledge economy include:
- Knowledge becoming more important as an input.
- Knowledge becoming more important as a product.
- Codified knowledge becoming more significant as a component of economic relations.
- Changes in information and communication technologies.
University Economist Reports
An Overview of the Knowledge Economy, With a Focus on Arizona, August 2011
Definitions, importance, and characteristics of the global knowledge economy are discussed. Measurements of the size of the knowledge economy nationally and in Arizona are presented.
Supply and Demand of "STEM" Occupations in Arizona, November 2008
Employment, degree production, and migration of individuals in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
Sunbelt Growth and the Knowledge Economy: An Exploratory Analysis, June 2007
Looks at education and income characteristics of migrants (proxies for the knowledge economy) to the Sunbelt, and the economic performance of the Sunbelt.
Universities in the U.S. National Innovation System, March 2006
A review of research and development efforts in the United States, including the role played by universities.
Related Articles and Reports
U.S. Funding for University Research Continues to Slide, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, December 2019
Federal Support for R&D Continues Its Ignominious Slide, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, August 2019
National Innovation Policies: What Countries Do Best and How They Can Improve, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, June 2019
State Technology and Science Index 2018, Milken Institute, December 2018
Building a Knowledge Economy -- How Academic R&D Supports High-Tech Employment, Milken Institute, August 2018
Growing the Future: State Efforts to Advance the Life Sciences, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, February 2018
The 2017 State New Economy Index, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, November 2017
The Best States for Data Innovation, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, July 2017
The Knowledge Economy, Economicshelp.org, June 2017
False Alarmism: Technological Disruption and the U.S. Labor Market, 1850–2015, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, May 2017
Investing in “Innovation Infrastructure” to Restore U.S. Growth, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, January 2017
Debunking the Myth of a STEM Surplus, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, July 2014
Understanding the U.S. National Innovation System, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, June 2014
University Research Funding: Still Lagging and Showing No Signs of Improvement, The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, June 2014
Arizona's Technology Workforce: Issues, Opportunities and Competitive Pressures, Arizona State University, L. William Seidman Research Institute, September 2011
Charting a Course for Arizona's Technology-Based Development, Milken Institute, December 2009
High-Technology Activities in Arizona: 2007 Update, Arizona State University, Center for Competitiveness and Prosperity Research, prepared for the Arizona Department of Commerce, January 2008
Measuring the Innovation Climate: Innovation Indicators Dashboard, W. P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University, December 5, 2007
A Strategic Assessment of the Economic Benefits of Investments in Research in Arizona, Arizona State University, L. William Seidman Research Institute and University of Arizona, Economic and Business Research Center, prepared for Science Foundation Arizona, June 2007
Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine, 2006
The Role of Universities in Knowledge Economies, Arizona State University, February 15, 2005